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The Screening Interview Asylum Process

Part of the asylum application process is an interview. This is an integral aspect for those who claim asylum in the UK, and ensuring that this interview is properly prepared for and understood is very important. Knowing what to expect at the screening interview can help you prepare and ensure success.

Having legal representation aid you in your screening interview can be helpful. Here at Total Law, our legal team are experts in immigration law and asylum claims. Give us a call today at 0333 305 9375 to get started.

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    Asylum Claim Screening Process: UK Asylum

    Applicants who who are claiming asylum in the UK will undergo a screening interview, a meeting with an immigration officer where they provide information about their case.

    Those applying upon arrival will have the screening interview at the UK border, while those already in the UK must apply promptly to avoid potential refusals.

     

    How To Claim Asylum UK

    To seek asylum in the UK, you can request it upon arrival in the UK at a British border when it’s unsafe to return to your home country. You must have legitimate reasons to claim asylum in the UK, as your claim may be refused if you lie.

    Informing an immigration officer at Border Control starts the process, and within 5 days, you may have a screening interview to assess your claim’s validity.

    If you’re already in the UK and want to claim asylum, you must notify the Home Office, which will then schedule a screening interview at the Asylum Screening Unit.

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      Asylum Screening Interview: What To Expect

      The screening interview, the first step after making an asylum claim, is typically short, lasting 30 minutes to 2 hours, potentially longer for complex cases. Home Office delays can lead to extended waiting times for this interview.

      Procedures vary for those claiming at the port of entry or after entering the UK, with appointments at the Screen Unit in Croydon for some, while others need to call for appointments. At this point, applicants can also tell the Home Office if they need financial assistance and accommodation.

      Special provisions exist for unaccompanied children and vulnerable individuals, and those without a place to live may dispute the need for an appointment, potentially requiring legal representation.

      Many people will not have the opportunity to meet with a lawyer before they have their screening interview. For those who have a screening interview at the port of entry, it is highly unlikely that they will be able to speak to a lawyer before the interview. However, those who have their interviews in Croydon should contact us at Total Law, and speak to one of our lawyers.

      The Home Office will require applicants to bring evidence regarding their claim with them.

      At a screening, the applicant can expect the following:

      • Applicants will be photographed for a BRP.
      • Applicants will have their fingerprints taken for a BRP.
      • An interview will be conducted to determine who the applicant is and where they are from.

      Individuals will be asked questions regarding their journey to the UK and why they are claiming asylum; the more evidence and information provided, the better. You could be applying for Asylum in the UK to get away from your home country for persecution reasons such as:

      • your race
      • your religion
      • your nationality
      • your political beliefs
      • your gender, gender identity, or sexual orientation
      • another factor that could lead to persecution based on the social, political, or religious environment in your country

      Preparing For The UK Asylum Screening Interview

      The screening interview will cover basic questions about the applicant, including family and background. Applicants should expect questions such as the following:

      • Personal details: name, gender, date of birth, spoken language.
      • Occupation in home country.
      • ID.
      • The country the applicant is feeling persecution from.
      • Information regarding the applicant’s family.
      • Medical history.
      • How the individual travelled to the UK.
      • If the individual has a place to stay in the UK.
      • If the applicant has any dependents in the UK.
      • If the applicant has previously applied for asylum in the United Kingdom.
      • If the applicant has any documentation to support their claim for asylum in the UK.

      The interviewer will ask about the reasons for travelling to the UK; this is not the same question as why you are not able to return to your home country. This is asking why the UK was the specific destination of choice; this will usually be accompanied by a question regarding whether the individual claimed asylum or has been given refugee status in another country.

      This question is present to help the Home Office decide if the reasons for travelling to the UK were for reasons other than a need for protection.

      Asylum seekers can also expect to be asked to briefly explain why they are seeking asylum. This is a question that will be explored in more depth in the substantive interview. This helps the Home Office categorise the case and place the individual into one of the following categories:

      • Non-detained general casework.
      • Detained non-suspensive appeal.
      • Unoccupied minor.

      How an individual is categorised will impact their chances of success. After this, the applicant will be assigned a caseworker.

      This interview will also contain questions about security and criminality. This includes questions about whether the individual has ever committed or been accused of committing a violent crime, produced any writing that praises or incites violence or been involved with violent organisations.

      It also covers instances where an individual may have had involvement (suspected or confirmed) with:

      • War crimes.
      • Terrorism.
      • Crimes against humanity
      • Genocide.

      This is to determine if any individual should be excluded from refugee protection.

      How To Have A Successful Screening Interview: Our Advice

      Screening interviews are not as in-depth as a substantive interview; however, it is still important as part of claiming asylum, as it will help to categorise you. The answers from the screening and substantive interviews will be major deciding factors in the approval or rejection of a claim.

      The best way to be successful is to simply be honest. If there are any discrepancies between the responses in these two interviews, it could be interpreted as a deliberate act to deceive or mislead.

      If there are any uncertainties regarding specific information, such as a date, it is important to make sure that it is noted as being an ‘estimate’ or that you are uncertain.

      This way, if any information provided does not completely match up, then it will be on record that this was a legitimate mistake. Also, note any concerns during the interview so they are on record. So, if the individual feels there are communication issues or responses are not being conveyed by an interpreter, make sure this is noted.

      Records are made, not via audio recordings, but as a written transcript, so it is important to ask for this after the interview. This can be given to your lawyer for their input as you progress through the asylum-claiming process.

      Finally, try to view this as an opportunity to ask questions and raise any issues there may be with the claim. If accommodation or financial support is needed, this is the time to ask for this assistance.

      Those who do not have their screening interview upon arrival may receive a questionnaire, be asked to attend an interview, or both.

      Those who receive a questionnaire should ask a legal advisor to help with the questionnaire; this can help you answer it as best as possible.

      However, those who attend the interview will benefit a great deal from receiving asylum support and advice before they attend the interview. A legal advisor or representative can advise on what to ask in the interview, and a written statement to support your claim from a legal representative sent off before the interview can aid your claim.

      One of our lawyers can attend the interview with you; however, legal aid will not be covered unless you are a vulnerable person or a child. Therefore, you may have to pay to get legal aid for your screening interview.

      Applicants cannot take a friend to this interview, nor can they take family members with them unless they are vulnerable persons and/or dependents.

      As most people will make their claim upon entering the country, it is hard to obtain a legal representative by this time. However, receiving legal advice before this interview can help provide you with vital information and guidelines for your interview.

      Our immigration team has helped hundreds of cases with their asylum claim in the UK. Contact Us

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        What Happens After The Screening Interview?

        Once the screening interview has been conducted, the Home Office will review your case, and they will decide whether or not it is eligible to be considered in the UK. If your case is eligible for consideration, then you will receive an ARC (Asylum Registration Card).

        At this point, you may also receive a questionnaire and be asked to attend a substantive interview or both. Those who receive a questionnaire will need to fill it out and return it by the deadline stated on the letter that comes with the questionnaire.

        However, if the Home Office decides that your case cannot be considered in the UK, the applicant may be sent to a safe country that will be able to consider the asylum claim. This could occur if the applicant has travelled to the UK through safe third countries or if they have a connection with a country that they are eligible for asylum in.

        Safe third-party countries fit the following criteria:

        • The applicant is not a citizen of this country.
        • The applicant will not be harmed in the country.
        • This country will not send the applicant to a different country where they would be harmed.

        The Substantive Asylum Interview

        If granted permission to claim asylum, you will have a substantive asylum interview in person, lasting 4-6 hours. It is a recorded interview, which is separate to your regular asylum screening interview, which is not recorded.

        This interview provides an opportunity to explain the reasons for seeking asylum, and breaks are allowed if needed. You should present a detailed chronological account, and if uncertain about dates, you must be truthful and say so.

        Bringing evidence and an immigration lawyer is advised. Our immigration lawyers at Total Law can be there to support you throughout this interview.

        A decision will be communicated within 6 months, during which you might not be permitted to work.

        What happens if my asylum claim is refused?

        If the Home Office denies your asylum claim, it doesn’t always mean deportation or detention. You may appeal the decision or seek a Judicial Review. If granted the right to appeal, present key evidence to the First-Tier Tribunal. If no appeal right is granted, you can consider applying for a judicial review.

        The Home Office may deem your asylum claim inadmissible if you passed through a country where you could have sought asylum. Claims from EU countries or those traveling through other countries may not be accepted under post-Brexit rules.

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        Our Immigration Solicitors Can Help With Your Asylum

        The asylum screening process is the first interview and is considered to be the first stage in the application process. This is an essential part of claiming asylum in the UK. This interview is key as it will categorise your case with the Home Office and serve as your first opportunity to mention your reasoning for making the claim.

        However, this process can be complex, and those who are fearful of their safety may be afraid of this interview process. Having an immigration solicitor help out your case can ease your nerves and boost your claim. Here at Total Law, we offer many services for those making an asylum claim, such as offering assistance with the following:

        • Asylum applications and appeals.
        • Detained casework.
        • Bail (SoS application, tribunal, renewal).
        • Fresh claims.
        • Permission to work applications.
        • Travel documents.
        • BRP issues.
        • Family reunion applications and appeals.
        • Applications for permission to appeal.
        • Error for law preparation and hearing.

        Give Total Law a call today at 0333 305 9375 to get assistance from one of our immigration solicitors.

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