What are the eligibility criteria for a Family Visa?
Canadians require a UK visa to join family members in the UK for a period longer than 6 months.
Under a UK visa, you are eligible to meet the following individuals:
- Your family member, spouse, or civil partner who is a British citizen
- Your family member, spouse, or civil partner who has Indefinite Leave to Remain or Settled Status
- Another person who you have an eligible relationship with in the UK that holds valid refugee status or humanitarian protection
UK Spouse Visa
The UK Partner Visa permits spouses, civil partners, and even fiances to remain in the UK for up to 2.5 years. After this, people on the family visa can apply for a further extension for a total of 5 years in the UK.
In order to meet the strict eligibility criteria for the Spouse Visa, both partners must be at least 18-year-old. The partner or fiance of the Canadian citizen must also meet the following requirements:
- Be a British or Irish citizen
- Be a settled person in the UK through the European Union settlement scheme, holding either Indefinite Leave to Remain, Settled Status, or permanent residence
- Be a citizen from the European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, or Liechtenstein and hold pre-settled status. If this is your partner’s situation, they must have started living in the UK before 1 January 2021
- Hold a Turkish Businessperson visa or Turkish Worker visa
- Have refugee status or humanitarian protection from the UK
- Meet the spouse visa financial requirement, which requires applicants to prove that they and their partner have a combined yearly income of a minimum of £18,600, which is about $31,899.89 Canadian Dollars, or provide evidence for cash savings of at least £62,500 which is about 107,185.94 Canadian Dollar through bank statements
- Able to demonstrate they have an appropriate place for the partner to come and live with them in the UK
- Pass a medical exam to prove good health without Tuberculosis
If you apply for a UK spousal Visa as a fiancee, the visa lasts 6 months during which you must marry your fiance. Canadian applicants do not need to prove their English language requirements.
Lastly, you and your Canadian partner have to prove to the UK government you will stay in the UK permanently.
Dependent Child Visa
As per the definitions of immigration rules, a “child” is defined as someone under the age of 18 at the time of the UK child visa application.
The Child Dependent Visa permits dependent children to join their parent(s) in the UK so long as one of the parents is a British citizen, a European Union (EU) national or they hold the right to live and work in the UK.
For a Child Visa application to be successful, there are a number of general requirements that need to be fulfilled. The UK Child Visa requirements include:
- The visa applicant, the child, must be under 18 years old
- The child must not be married or in a civil partnership and must not have an independent family unit
- The child must not be living an independent life (They should instead be completely reliant on their parents financially)
- The child has to be financially supported by their parents and not be receiving public funds or benefits
- Importantly, at least one of the parents has to be applying for a UK visa either as a partner joining the other parent (e.g. under the UK marriage visa or civil partnership category) or as a parent with sole responsibility.
This family visa application lasts as long as the visa their parents are on, and expires simultaneously. Applications made in the UK take 8 weeks and from outside the UK take around 8 – 12 weeks.
UK Ancestry Visa
The Ancestry Visa is good for Commonwealth citizens, which includes Canadians who have at least one grandparent that was born in the UK. This visa gives entry clearance to the United Kingdom to live, work and study for 5 years.
Dependent Adult Visa
The Dependent Adult Visa has very specific requirements for Canadians that require long-term personal care to perform everyday tasks whether due to age, illness or disability, or practical and financial help which can only strictly be provided by the relative that is either a British citizen living in the UK or is settled in the UK. With this family visa, the holder is granted Indefinite Leave to Remain in the UK.
The Adult Dependent Relative Visa offers entry clearance only to applicants outside the UK, it isn’t an option to switch to this visa from within the UK.
To be eligible, the applicant should be living outside of the UK and require long-term care from a parent, grandchild, brother, sister, adult child, son, or daughter. The person offering the care must:
- Be a British or Irish citizen
- Be a settled person in the UK with either Indefinite Leave to Remain, Settled Status, or proof of permanent residence
- Be from the EU, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, or Liechtenstein and have pre-settled status, meaning they must have started living in the UK before 1 January 2021
- Have refugee status or humanitarian protection in the UK
To be eligible for the Adult-Dependent Visa UK, you must prove the following:
- You require long-term care to do everyday personal and household tasks because of age, illness, or disability.
- The care you require isn’t available or affordable in Canada
- The person you’ll be joining in the UK have to be able to support, accommodate and care for you without claiming public funds for at least 5 years
- You’re 18 years of age or over
What are the documents needed for the family visa application?
Each family visitor visa type requires a little bit different documentation. For example, the Spouse Visa requires significant information for proof of relationship.
However, for the most part, the UK family visa documents needed for the application are:
- Full names and dates of birth of all applicants
- Valid passport with at least one blank page or other valid travel ID
- A copy of your biometric residence permit
- Details of any previous immigration applications
- Criminal convictions
- Your national insurance number
- Your parents’ date of birth and nationality if you’re applying from outside the UK
- a certified translation of any document that is not in English or Welsh
- You’ll need to have a blank page in your passport on which to put the visa if you’re applying outside the UK.
Canadians filling out application forms do not need to prove their English language proficiency.
What are the fees for the different types of family visas?
There are fees that will need to be paid when making the UK family visa application. For the spouse or dependent visa, it costs £1,523 for applications made outside the UK and £1,033 for inside the UK.
The fee for adding another family member to your application is £1,523 for each person from outside the UK and £1,033 for inside the UK, per person.
Finally, for the Adult-Dependent Visa, it costs £3,250 for applications made outside the UK and £1,033 for inside the UK.
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It is possible to appeal the decision in the event that your UK Family Visa is refused.
It depends on which visa you are holding. Spouse visa holders can work. Dependants can work as long as their parent is in the UK with valid entry clearance. There are, however, a few restrictions.
This is only possible in certain circumstances, such as if they need long-term care for a disability or illness that only you can provide, in which case they can apply for an Adult Dependent Relative Visa.
Not quite. You can apply for a visa as a family by using the dependent visa options. So, the parent would need a visa and then the children and spouse or civil partner would be able to join as a dependent for the duration of your stay in the UK.