British Citizenship

If you are from Egypt and wish to obtain British citizenship, there are different ways to do so. However, you must meet the eligibility requirements to have a successful application.

For more information on obtaining British citizenship as an Egyptian, including determining which citizenship route you qualify for and submitting an application, speak to an experienced immigration lawyer. Call us at +44 (0)333 305 9375 or contact us online today.

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    An Overview Of British Citizenship

    British citizenship holds a significant allure for many individuals seeking to make the UK their permanent home.

    As an Egyptian, you can become a British citizen depending on your circumstances. For instance, if one of your parents was a British citizen at the time of your birth, you can automatically become a citizen.

    Otherwise, you can apply for citizenship through descent, marriage, or naturalisation as long as you’re eligible.

    If your application is successful, you will receive a British passport, which will allow you to leave and enter the UK without immigration restrictions and grants you visa-free access to over 190 countries.

    As a British citizen, you’ll also enjoy other privileges, including the right to vote in the UK elections, access public funds and reduced healthcare fees, and work and study without restrictions.

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    Different Routes To British Citizenship

    There are several routes you can take to obtain British citizenship if you are from Egypt. These include:

    • By birth
    • By descent
    • By naturalisation
    • By marriage
    • If you are considered ‘stateless’
    • Under special circumstances

    It’s important to note that each of these pathways to citizenship has specific requirements you must meet to be considered eligible.

    British Citizenship by Birth

    Before 1983, all individuals born in Britain received British citizenship at birth automatically, regardless of their parents’ nationalities.

    However, if you were born in the UK on or after January 1, 1983, you can only automatically become a British citizen at birth if at least one of your parents is a British citizen or has UK settled status.

    If your circumstances automatically grant you British nationality status, you do not need to apply for citizenship. Instead, you should apply for a UK passport or request a letter from the Home Office to confirm your immigration status.

    Furthermore, you might be eligible to apply for British citizenship if you were born in another country and raised in the UK.

    However, you must have lived in the UK before turning 10, and at least one of your parents must have become a UK citizen or a permanent resident when you were under 18.

    This implies that even if you currently live in Egypt, as long as you meet the requirements, you can apply for citizenship by birth.

    British Citizenship by Descent

    British citizenship can be passed from one generation to another for individuals with UK ancestry born outside the UK. However, citizenship by descent follows certain rules.

    If you were born outside the UK to at least one British parent, you will automatically be a British citizen by descent. You only need to apply for a British passport or a letter confirming your citizenship.

    However, if you were born before January 1, 1983, to a British mother and a foreign father who were not married, you will not automatically become a citizen and must apply for British citizenship by descent.

    Additionally, it’s important to note that an individual cannot automatically pass citizenship to their children if they got it based on having a British parent. For instance, if your parent was born outside the UK to a British parent and you were also born outside the UK, you can not automatically become a citizen.

    Similarly, if you acquired citizenship by descent from a British parent, your children born outside the UK will not automatically be citizens. In such cases, you or your children may need to apply for British citizenship by descent.

    British Citizenship by Naturalization

    British citizenship by naturalisation is one of the most common ways for individuals who do not have ancestral ties to or were not born or raised in the UK to obtain UK citizenship.

    To naturalise as a British citizen, you must have lived in the UK for 5 years and obtained indefinite leave to remain (ILR) or settled status for at least one year.

    You must also be at least 18 years old, prove your knowledge of the English language, pass the Life in the UK test, meet the good character requirement, and intend to continue living in the UK.

    When you apply for citizenship by naturalisation, the Home Office will determine if you meet the minimum residency requirement before granting your application. As such, you must:

    • Not have spent more than 450 days outside the UK during the 5 years before your application
    • Not have spent more than 90 days outside the UK in the last 12 months
    • Have been physically present in the UK for exactly 5 years on the date the Home Office received your application

    You should note that you will not be allowed to include any time spent in the UK when exempt from immigration control as a diplomat, member of a diplomat’s staff or household, or member of visiting armed forces.

    British Citizenship by Marriage

    If you are married to or in a civil partnership with a UK national, you will not automatically become a British citizen. Instead, you may be eligible to naturalise as a citizen based on your marriage.

    To apply for naturalisation, you must:

    • Be at least 18 years old
    • Be in a genuine marriage or civil partnership with a British citizen
    • Have any of the following immigration statuses:
      • Indefinite leave to remain (ILR)
      • Settled status under the EU settlement scheme
      • Indefinite leave to enter the UK
    • Prove your knowledge of the English language
    • Pass the Life in the UK test
    • Be of good character
    • Have not broken any UK immigration laws
    • You must also meet the following residency requirements:
      • Have lived in the UK for at least 3 years before the date on your application
      • Not lived more than 270 days outside the UK during the 3 years before your application
      • Not spent more than 90 days outside the UK in the last 12 months

    You will not be allowed to count the time you spent in the UK when exempt from immigration control. However, you may be exempt from the residency requirements if your spouse or partner works abroad for the UK government or an organisation closely linked to the government.

    Furthermore, if you are applying for naturalisation on the grounds of your marriage to a British citizen, you can do so immediately after obtaining settled status. This means you will not be required to live an additional year in the UK after settling to become a citizen.

    British Citizenship for Stateless Individuals

    You may be able to apply for British citizenship if you are not recognised as a citizen of any country.

    The requirements you must meet and how you can apply for citizenship as a stateless person will depend on where you were born.

    If you were born in the UK or any British overseas territory, you must:

    • Be under 22 years old
    • Have lived in the UK or a British overseas territory for at least 5 years before the date of your application
    • Be in the UK or a British overseas territory when the Home Office receives your application
    • Not have spent more than 450 days outside the UK or British Overseas territory within the 5 year period

    If you are below 18, you will need to show that it is not reasonable to expect you to obtain citizenship from another country, such as your parents being unable to register your birth at an embassy or high commission.

    If you were born outside the UK or a British overseas territory:

    • At least one of your parents must have been a British citizen, British overseas territories citizen, British overseas citizen, or British subject when you were born
    • You must have lived in the UK or a British overseas territory for at least 3 years before the date of your application
    • You must be in the UK or a British overseas territory when the Home Office receives your application

    If you're eligible, we can help you obtain British citizenship. Contact Us

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      British Citizenship Under Special Circumstances

      You may also be eligible to apply for British citizenship under certain circumstances, such as if, in the past, you should have automatically become a citizen or been able to apply for citizenship.

      You should note that applying for citizenship under special circumstances can be complex. You will need to prove to the Home Office that you couldn’t be a citizen in the past because of any of the following:

      • The law at the time was unfair or gender discriminatory
      • An immigration officer or government authority made a mistake when considering your case
      • You were adopted by a British citizen, but by the time your adoption became legal, you were over 18 years old

      If you think you’re eligible for citizenship under an exceptional situation, you should discuss it with a UK immigration lawyer. Since these cases can be complex, a lawyer can help you determine if you have a ground for citizenship. Call +44 (0)333 305 9375 to speak to one of our expert immigration lawyers.

      Requirements and Eligibility for Each British Citizenship Route

      To naturalise as a British citizen through marriage or by holding settled status, you must be at least 18 years old. However, if you’re applying for citizenship through birth or descent, you are not required to meet any age limit.

      Minors applying for citizenship may have less stringent requirements than adults. For instance, they may be eligible for a visa fee waiver or not be required to pay any fee. Also, minors under 16 do not need to meet English language or Life in the UK requirements.

      Only applicants for naturalisation or citizenship by marriage are required to prove their knowledge of English and meet the Life in the UK and good character requirements.

      An Overview Of the British Life In The UK Test

      The British Life in the UK test is designed to verify that an applicant for naturalisation has an adequate knowledge of British customs, traditions, political systems, and laws.

      You may be exempt from the test if you:

      • Are under 18 or over 65
      • Have a long-term physical or mental condition that severely prevents you from taking a test
      • Previously passed the test as part of your indefinite leave to remain application

      To take the Life in the UK test, you must book it on the Home Office website at least 3 days in advance. You should have your email address, an accepted form of ID, and your payment details at hand when booking.

      The test costs £50. There are over 30 test centres in the UK where you can take the test, but you will be asked to choose from five closest centres to your address.

      The Life in the UK test includes 24 multiple-choice questions based on the official Life in the UK handbook. You’ll have 45 minutes to answer these questions and must score 75% or more to pass the test.

      If you pass, you can proceed with your citizenship application. However, if you do not meet the pass score, you can retake it as many times till you pass. Note that you’ll have to pay for each retake.

      The English Language Requirement

      As part of your citizenship application, you must also prove that you can speak and understand the English language, as long as you are between 18 and 65 and have no severe mental or physical health condition.

      There are two ways you can meet the language requirement. You can take and pass a Secure English Language Test (SELT) at B1, B2, C1 or C2 level on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) scale.

      Otherwise, you can present an academic degree taught or researched in English to the Home Office. If your degree is from a non-UK university, a UK authority must first authorise and confirm its equivalent to a UK qualification before you can use it in your citizenship application.

      British flag

      The Good Character Requirement

      To apply for British citizenship, you must meet the good character requirement. Being of good character means that you have respected UK laws and fulfilled your obligations as a resident since you entered the country.

      All applicants for British citizenship who are 10 years and above must satisfy this requirement. The Home Office uses several factors to determine whether an applicant meets the good character requirement, and this is typically done on a case-by-case basis.

      A caseworker will not consider you of good character and may reject your application if:

      • You have received a severe custodial sentence
      • You’ve been involved in international crimes or acts of terrorism
      • You have received a non-custodial sentence or out-of-court disposal that is recorded on your criminal record, which occurred in the 3 years before the date of application
      • You are a persistent offender

      The Referee Requirements

      If you’re applying to naturalise as a British citizen, you must submit details of two referees who are familiar with you.

      They will be required to endorse your application by providing specific details about themselves to the Home Office and signing a declaration. Without your referees’ signatures, your citizenship request cannot be valid and will be rejected.

      Your referees must be suitable according to Home Office requirements. This means that one of your them must be a professional individual, such as a minister of religion, civil servant, or a member of a professional body.

      Your other referee must be a British citizen who can prove their nationality with a British passport. They must either hold a professional role or be at least 25 years old.

      Furthermore, both of your referees must have known for at least 3 years. They must not be related to you or each other and have a criminal conviction within the last ten years. Additionally, they cannot be your legal representative or a Home Office employee.

      For help navigating the complex application process, speak with our legal experts about your British citizenship. Contact Us

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        Documents Required for British Citizenship Application

        To apply for British citizenship, you must submit certain documents to support your application. The specific documents you need will depend on the route you’re taking. However, here is a breakdown of all the documents required for a British citizenship application:

        • Evidence of identity with documents such as your passport or other valid travel document
        • A biometric residence permit (BRP) card or any other proof that you hold indefinite leave to remain (ILR) or other forms of settled status
        • Proof of previous immigration status and right to remain in the UK, including any visa you held before settling in the UK
        • Your marriage certificate
        • Your birth certificate and your parents or grandparents’ birth certificate, where necessary
        • Proof of lawful residential presence in the UK during the qualifying period
        • Details of any time spent outside the UK during the qualifying period
        • Evidence showing you meet the English language requirement
        • Evidence showing you passed the Life in the UK test
        • Proof that you have not breached the UK immigration laws and you meet the good character requirement
        • Two signed and acceptable references

        Note that your documents must be in English, Scottish, Gaelic or Welsh, and legalised in line with Home Office standards.

        UK Citizenship Application Fees

        When applying for British citizenship, you may be required to pay a fee, depending on the route you’re applying on and your age. Citizenship by naturalisation costs £1,580.

        Citizenship by birth and citizenship for stateless individuals both cost £1,431 for adults and £1,214 for minors.

        If you’re applying for citizenship by descent and you were born after July 1, 2006, you’ll pay £1,214, but if you were born before July 2006, you don’t need to pay a fee. If you’re applying under special circumstances, you might be required to pay a fee depending on your situation. You will be informed if you need to pay at the time of your application.

        It’s important to note that if you are required to pay a fee and do not, you might not be able to proceed with your online application.

        However, minors might be able to apply for a fee waiver depending on their circumstances. Speak to an immigration lawyer at +44 (0)333 305 9375 to help you determine if your child qualifies for a fee waiver.

        How To Apply For British Citizenship

        You can apply for British citizenship yourself or through an authorised representative. Whichever option you choose, the application process will typically follow the same procedure as outlined below:

        Determine Your Eligibility

        It’s important to first determine your eligibility for British citizenship before submitting an application. You should also be able to identify which citizenship route you’re most qualified to apply for.

        If you apply without meeting the requirements for your chosen route, the Home Office may deny your application, and your fee will not be refunded.

        Prepare Your Documents

        Be careful to prepare all the documents and evidence you need to support your application. Citizenship applications typically take a long time, but having the correct documents can ensure that the processing time for your case doesn’t take longer than it should.

        In worse scenarios, incomplete and incorrect documentation may lead to a denial of your application.

        Make an Application

        There are two ways that you or your legal representative can make a citizenship application: online or via post.

        To apply online, visit the UK government website, create an account, and fill out the online application form (Form AN). You’ll have the option to upload your supporting documents to the online service. Otherwise, you can scan them later on at a physical appointment.

        To apply by post, download Form AN from the Home Office website, fill it out, and mail it to the UK Visa and Citizenship Application Service (UKVCAS).

        Attend a Physical Appointment

        After submitting your application, book and attend a physical meeting at a UKVCAS service point to provide your biometric information and answer some questions regarding your application.

        Pedestrians on Tower Bridge in London

        Processing Time Of The British Citizenship Application

        British citizenship applications typically take 6 months to process. In some cases, straightforward and well-prepared applications can be decided in a shorter time, whereas more complex cases might extend beyond 6 months.

        The processing times may also vary depending on the Home Office’s workload at a certain period.

        We can assist in any stage of your immigration journey, reach out to our team today. Contact Us

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          Attending the Citizenship Ceremony

          You will be asked to attend a citizenship ceremony within 90 days if your application is approved.

          You’ll take an Oath of Allegiance to the Monarch at the ceremony and affirm your loyalty to the UK. Additionally, you’ll be presented with a British citizenship certificate. Failure to attend this ceremony without a valid reason will result in the refusal of your citizenship application, and you might need to reapply.

          Within 5 working days of receiving your certificate, you must return your biometric residence permit (BRP) to the Home Office via mail. Include a note indicating that the return is due to your new immigration status. If you don’t return your BRP within 5 working days, you might be fined up to £1,000.

          Obtaining The British Passport

          You should apply for a British passport once you’ve received your naturalisation certificate. You can do so online or via post.

          If applying online, you’ll need to do the following:

          • Upload a digital photo
          • Provide a signed confirmation from someone who knows you
          • Pay an application fee of £82.50

          For postal applications, take the following steps:

          • Get the application form from a post office or the Passport Adviceline
          • Complete the form and include two passport-sized photographs and any supporting documents
          • Pay the £93 application fee

          You will receive your passport within 3 months, and it will be valid for 10 years.

          How Can Total Law Help?

          British citizenship applications are lengthy procedures that involve different processes and requirements. Many applicants struggle to navigate through the process on their own.
          However, our lawyers at Total Law can help. We are registered with the Office of the Immigration Services Commissioner (OISC) and are authorised to handle citizenship applications.

          We can help you at any point in your immigration journey, from determining your eligibility to representing you before the Home Office. We will ensure that your application receives a successful outcome.

          To speak with one of our lawyers, call +44 (0)333 305 9375 or message us online today.

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                    Frequently Asked Questions

                    Yes. You can retain your Egyptian nationality after obtaining British citizenship.

                    No. Children born in the UK cannot automatically be British citizens except at least one of their parents is a British citizen.

                    You might be able to if a specified period has elapsed since your conviction. If you have a previous conviction that you think could impact your application, discuss it with an immigration lawyer before submitting your application. Call +44 (0)333 305 9375 to speak to one of our lawyers.