What is the Canadian Experience Class?
With such a spacious country of diverse natural landscapes, as well as many different cultures, traditions, and religions, Canada is a popular destination for Irish expats.
Canada is also very welcoming towards foreigners, and one of the few countries in the Western world that are proactively seeking immigrants at this point in time. This may change when Canada meets its immigration quotas.
Irish citizens looking to immigrate to Canada usually have permanent residency in mind. A Canadian Permanent Residency Visa provides many benefits including being able to live and work in Canada, enter and leave the country freely, and access medical care and the education system for children. Permanent residents can also own property in Canada.
The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) program is a popular immigration route if you have 12 months’ Canadian skilled work experience. It grants permanent residence to successful applicants and their families.
The CEC program provides a way for Irish skilled workers with temporary status in Canada to transition to permanent residence.
The CEC program is one of the programs managed by Express Entry, a system that processes applications for PR from skilled workers. Candidates are scored against numerous criteria, and those with the highest scores are invited to apply for PR.
The following requirements must be met in order to be eligible for the Canadian Experience Class:
- You must have at least 12 months of full-time (or part-time equivalent) skilled work experience in Canada
- The work experience must have been gained as skill types 0, A, or B under the National Occupational Classification (NOC) classification
- Your CEC application must be submitted within 3 years of obtaining the skilled work experience
- You must have had legal status (valid work permit) while working or studying in Canada
- You must provide proof of meeting the minimum language level in English or French
- You must not plan to live in the province of Quebec
If any of the following scenarios apply to you, you would not be eligible for the Canadian Experience Class:
- Your work experience was gained whilst studying full-time
- Your work experience was gained through self-employment
- You are counting volunteer work or unpaid internships as part of the 12 months’ work experience for CEC (these are not eligible as skilled work experience for CEC)
- You are working without authorization
- You did not have temporary resident status in Canada when you gained your work experience
- You are a refugee claimant in Canada
Contact us if you would like assistance with submitting an application via Express Entry.
Even if you are from an English-speaking country such as Ireland, Canadian immigration rules require that you must still prove your English/French language skills for most programs, including the Canadian Experience Class.
The Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) is the standard used to assess English and French proficiency.
To prove your language proficiency you will need to take an approved language test. This should be booked with an IRCC-approved agency, and a fee will need to be paid. The test result will need to be entered into your Express Entry profile.
If you are successful in receiving an ITA during an Express Entry draw, you will need to include the language test results when you apply for the CEC program. Without this, your application will not be processed.
How to Apply
Once you are sure you are eligible for the Canadian Experience Class, the first step is to create an Express Entry profile online by completing the form on the Canadian government’s website. This acts as a formal expression of interest to settle in Canada under permanent residence status.
Your profile will be considered by Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada (IRCC) who will score it under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) using a number of factors. Those candidates who score highly (in comparison with other candidates) will receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canadian PR.
ITAs are sent out during Express Entry draws. Although there is no fixed schedule for draws to take place, they generally occur every 2 weeks or so.
If you receive an ITA, you will need to submit an application for permanent residence within 60 days.
During the CEC application process, a range of documents need to be submitted, as follows:
- Passport / identity documents
- Documentation to show immigration status
- Children’s documents (if applicable)
- Travel documents
- Education/qualification documentation
- Work experience
- Result of language test
- Work references from previous employers
- Documentation for medical exam
- Police certificate(s)
In terms of the processing time, on average, it can take 6 months for a CEC decision to be made.
If you are successful, you will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) document, which will enable you to apply for your Permanent Resident (PR) card. The PR card should be carried with you when traveling outside Canada, and shown at customs when re-entering the country.
Creating an Express Entry profile is free. You will only have to pay fees when you submit a Canadian Experience Class application.
The CEC processing fees are:
- $825 CDN per adult
- $225 CDN per dependent child
There may be other fees that are also payable. such as language tests, medical examinations, and police certificates.
The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is the points-based system used to assess and score candidates’ profiles and rank them in the Express Entry pool.
Candidates are ranked against a range of factors including work experience, age, skills, language ability, education, and others. Those with the highest scores (when compared with the other candidates) are sent an “ITA”, an invitation to apply for Canadian permanent residence.
Each Express Entry draw has a points threshold. Candidates with scores at or above this threshold will receive an ITA. Each threshold changes for each program at each draw.
The CRS is a competitive, dynamic system which means the more points you can accumulate, the more likely it is that you will be sent an ITA.
To obtain an idea of your approximate score you can use the Government of Canada’s CRS tool but note that this tool is only for general guidance and your final score could be different.
If you’re new to Canada’s immigration processes such as Express Entry, submitting an application for a program such as the Canadian Experience Class may be daunting.
There are many considerations to take into account. For example, meeting the eligibility criteria of a program does not guarantee that you will be drawn from the pool as your score could be too low. So it’s important to increase your CRS score to the maximum possible, which can be achieved in various ways and with some planning.
If you are an Irish citizen and would welcome some help with an Express Entry application, Total Law’s immigration lawyers are well versed in Canada’s immigration programs. We can help you submit a comprehensive and compelling Canadian Experience Class application and maximize your chance of being granted Canadian PR.
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No, you don’t need a job offer, as this is not a requirement for the CEC program.
You do need at least one year’s relevant Canadian work experience from the NOC classification of skill types 0, A, or B.
Canadian Experience Class is a skilled worker immigration program for permanent residence in Canada.
Express Entry is not an immigration program but an online system that manages applications received from CEC applicants. It also manages applications from three other skilled worker programs: Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program, and Provincial Nominee Program.
No, to be eligible for the Canadian Experience Class you need to have 12 months of skilled work experience from Canada.
All of the programs that are managed by Express Entry (Canadian Experience Class, Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program and Provincial Nominee Program require work experience.